The miles will fly by when you have a good companion. Besides updating you about traffic jams, road blockages, and poor weather, a citizen band radio gives you instant access to the police and emergency services even in dead zones.
But using a CB radio can be tricky for a beginner. What channel do I use to communicate? How to issue a radio check? How to operate a CB radio? In this article, we will guide you through it all.
- What to Prepare
- 5 Simple Steps to Operate a CB Radio
- Helpful tips
What to Prepare
Other than your CB radio, you won’t need anything else. But if you haven’t installed your CB. You’ll need:
1. A CB radio installation kit.
A kit includes:
- A microphone
- A mounting bracket
- A wiring kit
- An owner’s manual
2. A CB antenna
The device doesn’t come with an antenna, so you must purchase it separately. Read the product instructions to know what you should prepare for the antenna installation.
5 Simple Steps to Operate a CB Radio
Step 1. Install the radio and antenna
To begin, choose a location for your radio. It should allow you to reach the buttons and glance at the display safely while driving. We suggest mounting it in or on the dash.
Don’t place the radio behind the steering wheel as it will block your view. Also, make sure the device won’t interfere when the airbag deploys.
When you have picked a location, start installing:
- Mount the bracket and secure the device in place.
- Plug the antenna cable, microphone cable, and power cable into the radio.
- Mount the microphone bracket and place the microphone in
- Route the antenna cable and install the antenna. The best spot is the center of your vehicle’s roof.
Small handheld CB radios don’t require installation while vehicle-mounted ones require you to install the device, microphone, and antenna. Check the instructions of the device you have purchased.
Step 2. Calibrate the CB radio
Before using the radio, you must calibrate it. The process below works for the most popular trucker’s CB – Cobra radio. If you want to tune a CB radio of other brands, follow the owner’s manual.
To calibrate a Cobra CB radio, turn the radio on, turn up the volume until you hear the background static, and follow these steps:
- Tune in to channel 1.
- Switch the S/RF SWR CAL button to CAL. It means calibration mode.
- Key the microphone.
- Adjust the SWR CAL setting until the SWR meter turns to the right and the needle stays under the symbol CAL.
- Switch the S/RF SWR CAL button back to SWR and write down the number you see on the meter.
Then, repeat the process on channel 40, and you will have two numbers. Compare them to know how you should adjust the antenna:
- If the number is higher on channel 1, you should lengthen the antenna.
- If the number is higher on channel 40, you should shorten the antenna.
Step 3. Issue a CB radio check
Now, your CB radio is ready, you can try communicating to see whether it works properly.
- Tune in to popular channels, such as channel 19, until you hear someone transmitting.
- Wait politely until he/she stops, depress the microphone transmission button, and say “break” to let the others know you’re using the channel.
- Say “radio check” or “this is (your name) requesting a radio check”, release the microphone button, and wait for a response. If you have waited for a while and got no response, re-issue the radio check.
Step 4. Communicate on the CB radio
You can use your CB to communicate with others or talk to a specific friend on a station.
- Turn the RF Gain control up to pick up the furthest signals.
- Tune in to a channel, key your microphone, send out a radio check, and wait for a response.
- Once your contact responds, you can use the channel to converse.
You don’t need a license to set up a CB radio, but you must use it properly and politely. Don’t occupy a crowded channel for personal purposes.
For quick communications, CBers have their codes. Familiarize yourself with them before transmitting:
- 10-4 means OK/affirmative
- 10-2 means Receiving signals well
- 10-3 means Stop transmitting
- 10-9 means Repeating the message
- 10-20 means Asking about location
When listening to the radio in populated areas, turn on the noise limiter or NB/ANL to clarify incoming signals.
Step 5. Finish using the CB radio
When you finish using the CB radio, turn the Squelch up to cut out static noise from the radio.
But note that the more you turn it up, the more stations you will lose, starting with the furthest ones.
It’s not complicated to use a CB radio properly, but you’ll need these tips to operate your CB like a pro.
1: Transmit clearly
Always pay attention to transmitting quickly and clearly. You don’t want to take up a channel for too long.
The ideal distance between the microphone and your mouth is six inches. If you hold it too close, you sound muffled. If you hold it too far, your voice is too small for others to hear.
When you drive with your truck windows open, use your back to block the wind or shield the microphone with your hands to make your voice clear.
2: Know what frequency to use
A CB radio has 40 channels with frequencies ranging from 26.965 to 27.405 MHz. These channels are open to everyone, but some have specific purposes.
- Channel 9 is for emergency communications only.
- Channel 17 is for sharing north and south highway traffic.
- Channel 19 is for sharing east and west highway traffic.
- Channel 21 is for communicating on regional roads.
Chatty visitors are not always welcome on a trucker CB channel. So, be prepared before transmitting on one of these.
3: Radio range
In theory, you can work a CB radio to contact those within 40 to 100 miles. But the distance lowers significantly in reality as CB radios rely on line-of-sight communications.
It means two stations can only transmit and receive signals when they have a direct view of each other. Trees, hills, and large buildings can block the signals.
With a five-watt radio, you can communicate within 12 to 15 miles. On lower-powered radio, the signals won’t travel that far. So, don’t attempt to contact someone who is too far away from you.
How to operate a CB radio? You only need to install the CB, calibrate it, issue a radio check, and start communicating. Don’t forget to turn up the Squelch to get rid of the annoying static when you finish using your radio.
If you find our guide to using a CB radio for beginners helpful, please share it with your fellow drivers. Who wouldn’t need a good companion on a long ride?
Robert is our content writer. He has in-depth knowledge about two-way radio communication, including mobile, handheld, and base, as well as ham radio satellite and emergency communication. He is in charge of researching and reviewing the best and latest products as well as gathering information about your queries and issues in using ham radios.